» His Relations » Asma' Bint Abi Bakr(May Allah be pleased with him)
Asma' Bint Abi Bakr(May Allah be pleased with him)
Asma' is one of the Sabiqun al-Awwalun and is considered eighteenth in the order of acceptance of Islam. When the Prophet was ordered to migrate to Madinah, he went to Abu Bakr's house to tell him. Asma' prepared food for them for two or three days and put it in a bag. As there was nothing to tie it up with, she at once tore her waist belt into two pieces and tied up the ends of the bag with one piece and with the other tied up the mouth of the water-carrier. From then, she had the title of that alnitaqain. (Bukhari). In some narrations she is called that al-nitaq. (Bukhari).
When the Prophet and Abu Bakr Siddiq quietly left Makkah, Abu Jah'l, enraged by their escape, came to Abu Bakr's house and shouted at Asma', and said, "Where is your father, girl?" She replied, How do I know?" Infuriated by this reply, he struck Asma' in her face, which broke her ear-ring, and then went away. Asma' quietly bore this punishment and went inside.
It is reported that she also went at night to the mountain of Thaur, with her brother Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr, taking fresh food for the Prophet and her father. After the Hijrah, when the first Muslim child, Abdullah ibn Zubair, was born, Asma' took him to the Prophet . He took him in his lap and chewed one date in his mouth and then put its paste into the mouth of the baby. Then he prayed for the child. 'A'ishah Siddiqa took the title of Umm Abdullah after her nephew Abdullah. Asma' spent the first few years at Madinah in very straitened circumstances. She had to work hard on the farm, which was about two or three miles from Medinah. Every day, she went to the farm and brought date-stones on her head for the camel. She ground these date-stones for the camel and supplied grass to the horse, and brought water in the water carrier from the well for them. (Ibn Hajar Asqalani and Tabarani).
Asma' was a very pious, patient and truthful woman and there are not very many examples in history of courage such as hers. She even broke the pride of a tyrant ruler like Hajjaj ibn Yusuf but did not bend. In spite of this she was humble, unpretentious and modest.
She performed the Pilgrimage many times, the first time with the Prophet . (Muslim).
Her piety and courage was well known. People often asked her to say a prayer for them. Whenever any woman had a fever and came for a prayer (dua'), she sprinkled cold water on her and told them that the Prophet said, "Fever is from the heat of hell; cool it with water." (Bukhari).
She was very generous and gave everything in charity. According to Abdullah ibn Zubair, "I have not seen anyone more generous than my mother." Zubair was a bit harsh, so one day Asma' asked the Prophet , "O Allah's Messenger, can I give something to the orphans and the destitute from the wealth of Zubair without his permission?" The Prophet told her that she could. Once the Prophet advised his Companions to give as much charity (sadaqa) in the Way of Allah as they could. The Companions acted on this advice of the Prophet with great enthusiasm, vying with one another. Women Companions took off their ornaments and jewellery and gave them in charity. Asma' had one maid; she sold her and took the money. When Zubair came home and asked for the money, she said that she had given it in charity (sadaqa). Zubair was silent, for he also sought the Pleasure of Allah and His Messenger.
It is reported that she took part in the Battle of Yarmuk and did great service to the soldiers in many ways.
Asma' narrated fifty-six hadith from the Prophet , which were transmitted by Bukhari, Muslim and Sunnan and other very eminent Companions.